NCT ESSAY (week 9)

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Hi Everybody,

I’m Just posting my essay on the impacts social media has on young people. I hope it proves insightful! 

P.S I am just going to copy and past my text as I am unsure of how to attach a document to a post. Enjoy!

– Jane

Positive and Negative Effects of the Excessive Use of Social Media in Young People

With the evolution of social media expanding rapidly in today’s society there are inquiries into the effects it will have, and is having on young people. Social media has expanded since the creation of the internet. It has evolved to the point where social media is almost a necessity in today’s society. A brief history will look into just how rapidly this evolution has come about.  This rapid growth of social media, goes hand in hand with the swift evolution of technology, and has led the younger generation to obsession, to the point where many aspects of their lives are being affected. This essay will analyse whether the extensive use of social media has a positive or negative impact on the youth of today. The main factors being analysed include the sociological aspects, medical and psychological implications that the extensive use of social media can result in. The most relevant research will be used as evidence to discover the facts about social media.

A timeline, derived of information from Anthony Curtis will demonstrate just how quickly technology and social media evolved. The opportunity to invent social media was made possible by the creation of the internet. Social media is the virtual creation and posting of any type of content (Agresta 2010). Dial-up was created in 1969 and paved the way for world-wide communication (Curtis 2013). Curtis (2013) writes that in 1997 there were one million sites on the web, this was also the year that blogging began. www.google.com opened in 1998 and www.friendsreunited.com was recognised as the first distinguishable social networking site. Curtis (2013) notes, that through the online pandemonium during the turn of the millennium, seventy million computers had access to the internet. Following the creation of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page in 2001 was social networking site; http://www.friendster.com/ in 2002. Friendster gained three million followers in just three months. Friendster is the framework of all of today’s social networking sites. Curtis’ research shows that   https://myspace.com/ was launched the next year, and was the first clone of Friendster. In the same year as Myspace, http://www.linkedin.com/ was created for Business purposes and, unlike Myspace is still frequently used today. https://www.facebook.com/ and http://www.flickr.com/ were introduced in 2004. At the time of Facebook’s opening Myspace was the leading social network- however, in 2009 Facebook had taken over that title. In 2006 https://twitter.com/ joined the social networking ranks and is now one of the largest social networking sites on the web. The top ten social network sites also include; http://www.blogger.com/no-blogs.g, http://www.youtube.com/ and https://www.tumblr.com/. 2013 has seen Facebook reach 1.11 billion users (Curtis 2013). Not only has social media expanded but so have the devices that allow millions of people to access these sites. Not only can phones and computers provide this but now internet is available on a whole range of gadgets including tablets and gaming consoles. This easy accessibility to social networks is impacting the lives of young people today.  

            There is no denying that the extensive use of social media is having an impact on young people. Research has proven that the use of social media has improved communication, social connectivity and skills with technology (O’Keeffe & Clarke-Pearson 2011). While social media has made it easier to maintain contact with friends and family, this impersonal means of communication may undermine the importance of real, face-to-face interaction (Collier 2013). It is more common these days to see abbreviations and new words being created with all of this new communication. This is a negative impact of excessively using social media in that young peoples’ vocabulary is not being improved the way it is with reading. Young people are becoming lazy with their vocabulary, not only on social media but also in everyday conversation, preferring to use abbreviations such as “Lol” as opposed to “laugh out loud”. Unfortunately, these words are being used so frequently that some dictionaries are updating and adding words such as “emoji” “selfie” and “twerk” to accommodate for these changes as they are becoming frequently used words in the English language (Oxford Dictionaries Online Quarterly Update 2013). Another issue that has arisen with the projection of social media is that, those young people who do not have access to social media accounts are not being catered for. More and more advertisements are being aimed at the youth via social media, but those who lack access will lack awareness (Bobkowski & Smith 2013). All of these inevitable changes are, and will continue to influence the young people in today’s society.  

There has been some debate about the health of young people in regards to the extensive use of social media and technology. Studies have shown that with the extensive features of the internet and communication, there has been opportunity to improve and develop learning and skills in young people (Jennings & Wartella 2000). With this new technology children are able to interact with toys that have the ability to interact back- stimulating the learning process at a very early age (Lincoln & Strommen 1992). These high-tech childhood toys allow children to become familiar with technology at a young age (Clements 1999). This will give the children the ability to take in imperative learning skills in their most impressionable years. This is crucial as it is looking likely that the future is going to rely heavily on the use of technology and social media to advertise and communicate. However, there is also a potential health risk to excessively using social media.  With all of the excitement and amusement that the internet and social media hold, children are less inspired to go outside or participate in physical activity. Studies have shown that a lack of physical activity and an increase in inactive behaviour, such as gaming is a partial factor into childhood obesity (Biddle & Cameron & Gorely & Marshall & Murdey 2004). The health risks that accompany obesity are vast, and potentially lethal. However, it is not only the physical health aspect that is being affected medically by the excessive use of social media.

Another factor that may be affected in young peoples’ lives by excessively using social media is mental health. Young people are impressionable and opinions and actions can affect them in either a positive or negative way. Studies have shown that both mentally and physically disabled children have been able to use new technology to communicate, altering and improving their skills (Clements 1999). People in these situations can use social media and technology to their advantage, in order to improve their lifestyles. While the extensive use of social media and technology may prove beneficial in special cases, there have been negative results from the use of social media in young people. Approximately 160, 000 Australians aged 18-24 suffer from depression (Youth Beyond Blue 2013). There are many forms of mental illness but depression is very common and can be easily triggered. Cyberbullying is common online and can be committed anonymously, this harassment can cause various psychological trauma including depression, isolation and even suicide (Clarke-Pearson & O’Keeffe 2011). Some adolescents have developed symptoms of depression when on social networking sights for too long, this has been called “Facebook depression” but can be experienced through other blog sights also (Clarke-Pearson & O’Keeffe 2011). Another way young people can be psychologically affected through the extensive use of social media in a negative way is by the messages being portrayed in advertisements.  A study was conducted about the promotion of alcohol on television as well as in social media. The study showed that on television the effects of alcohol are over-dramatised for entertainment purposes, this is reflected on social media sites as young people use this to create, broadcast and regularize drinking alcohol to their peers (Fellowes 2012). These psychological aspects are crucial to the mental health of young people.

In summary it can be deduced that the extensive us of social media has both positive and negative effects on the youth of today. With the continuous development with technology and social media today’s young society will undoubtedly use social media for the rest of their lives- ensuring the relevance of these issues. The extensive use of social media can affect multiple aspects of a young person’s life- sociologically, medically and psychologically. Sociologically, there are some small benefits such as gaining online communication and technological skills. However, the negative repercussions of less personal interaction and the devolution of the vocabulary reduce the significance of the benefits. The most significant medical benefit of using social media is that young children have the ability to learn from such a young age, increasing their intelligence when at their most impressionable. However the negative impact is that social media has been known to increase obesity. Psychologically, people with disabilities are able to improve their life with technology. However the potential risks that can be psychologically caused by social media is significant. As a result it can be stated that there are both positive and negative qualities when young people excessively use social media.

 

 

 

 

Reference List          

Agresta, S & Bonin, J 2010, Perspectives on Social Media Marketing, Course Technology/Engage Learning, Boston, USA.

Biddle, S, Cameron, N, Gorel, T, Marshall, S & Murdey, I 2004, ‘Relationships Between Media Use, Body Fatness and Physical Activity in Children and Youth: A Meta-Analysis’, International Journal of Obesity, vol. 28, pp. 1238-1246

Bobkowski, P & Smith, J 2013, ‘Social Media Divide: Characteristics of Emerging Adults Who Do Not Use Social Network Websites’, Media, Culture & Society, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 771-781.

Clarke-Pearson, K & O’Keeffe, G 2011, ‘The Impact of Social Media on Children, Adolescents, and Families’, American Academy of Paediatrics, vol. 127, no. 4, pp. 800-804.

Clements, D 1999, Literature Review, American Association for the Advancement of Science, America.

Collier, R, 2013, ‘Social Media and Mental Health’, Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 185, no. 12, pp. 577.

Curtis, A 2013, A Brief History of Social Media, viewed 19 September 2013, < http://www.uncp.edu/home/acurtis/NewMedia/SocialMedia/SocialMediaHistory.html>

Fellowes, E 2012, ‘Young People, Alcohol and the Media’, Probation Journal, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 75-76.

Jennings, N & Wartella, E 2000, ‘Children and Computers: New Technology- Old Concerns’, The Future of Children, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 31-43.

Lincoln, B & Strommen, E 1992, ‘Constuctivism, technology, and the Future of Classroom Learning’, Children’s Television Workshop, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 466.

Oxford Dictionaries Online Quarterly Update: New Words Added to Oxforddictionaries.com today 2013, viewed: 20 September 2013, < http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/august-2013-update/>

Youth Beyond Blue 2013, viewed: 20 September 2013, < http://www.youthbeyondblue.com/factsheets-and-info/factsheet-depression-in-young-people/>

 

Essay Topic

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Hello again,

For the NCT essay assessment, I have chosen to focus on the second option. This essay will look into the extensive use of social media and the positive/ negative impact it has on young peoples health.

One point of advice from my tutor was to research a variety of perspectives not just sociology perspectives.

– Jane

Week 6

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Hello again, this is the final week of blog posts for my subject and I’ve found it to be the hardest one of all. It’s all about politics. But I have answered these questions as well as I could, so I am hopeful that they are satisfactory.

Politics is never an easy point of discussion as everyone has their own set opinions. For me (turning 18 in late December) I am choosing to remain ignorant for as long as I possibly can about politics. Before people start judging me about this I would like to point out that I am not living under a rock- I know some things about politics but I just choose to not voice my opinion just yet as it is taken as it is not considered anyway. One opinion I do have is that: I think everyone is biased when it comes to politics because were influenced by our parents’ perspectives. A lot of people are upset over Australian politics and many good and bad things have occurred through the government- but not everyone is going to be satisfied with the people and choices that are made.  It’s an unavoidable fact.

How many of the following can you complete while sticking to your political beliefs?

*  Sign an e-petition.

I would sign an e-petition that I believe would create the biggest benefit to all involved. For example I would sign the e-petition requesting to keep the Queensland’s Royal Children Hospital because closing the hospital would result in potentially risking sick children’s lives.

*  Respond to a professional blogger at a major news site.

Sticking to set political beliefs when blogging on news sites simply requires supporting your political view in a comments box.

*  What is Barak Obama up to today? Can you send him a message about the importance of freedom on the internet?

Barak Obama is not only training his new family dog but also discerning whether Syria used chemical weapons on their own people and the repercussions if this is the case. Twitter is the most common way of communicating with celebrities. So yes, it is possible to message Barak Obama.

* What are/were the Australian Government’s plans to censor the internet (the so-called “Clean Feed”)?

To monitor the use of the internet in family’s and particularly children in order to protect them from the dangers of the internet.

* What place does censorship have in a democracy?

None, because a democracy is about freedom of speech and to censor peoples voice’s is against what a democracy is all about.

* When will the NBN get to your place? What are the benefits?

No date has been decided as of yet in my location, however it will be done by the end of the year. The benefits of the NBN include: high speed internet connectivity across the whole country.

*  Find out who your local, state and federal representatives are. Send one a message.

Local: Peter Cummings

State: Neil Symes

Federal: Ross Vasta
*  Look up the Queensland or Australian Hansard to find the last time your local member spoke in parliament.

The last time Neil Symes spoke in parliament was the 27th August. His point of discussion; making Manly a focal point of the tourism sector in Lytton. This will be done by building ‘Morton Bay Discovery Centre’.

* Let your local member know what you think about their last speech

I think the idea of updating Manly’s scenery with an educational centre is a good idea. The only negative thing I can say about this proposal is that it may change Manly from a relaxing area to a busy tourist destination.

Reference list:

NBNco, NBN Rollout Map, viewed 30 August 2013, < http://www.nbnco.com.au/when-do-i-get-it/rollout-map.html>

Queensland Parliament, current e-petitions, viewed 30 August 2013, < http://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/en/work-of-assembly/petitions/e-petitions>

Queensland Parliament, Search, viewed 30 August 2013, < http://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/global/search/>

-Jane

Week 4

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timeline

Hello again, this weeks task was to create a timeline about key moments of cyberpunk or a specific zone of communication history. I chose to focus of the history of television. The image above is a timeline I created on http://www.softschools.com/timelines/television_timeline/31/

Reference list:

Television and facts, 2013, viewed 15 August 2013 <http://www.ait-pro.com/aitpro-blog/tag/3d-tv-history-and-facts/>

Timeline Maker, 2013, viewed 15 August 2013 <http://www.softschools.com/timelines/television_timeline/31/>

– Jane

Week 3

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Hello again, This weeks task was to provide references for a variety of books and research. Not only will you be able to use these references for yourself but hopefully this will also show you how to reference with different materials.

Stephen Stockwell has written three books that Griffith University have available, these are the references and which campuses they are available on.

Stockwell, S 2000, All-media Guide to Fair and Cross-cultural Reporting: for Journalists, Program Makers and Media Students, Australian Key Centre for Cultural and Media Policy, Nathan.

Available at: Southbank and Gold Coast (2).

Stockwell, S 2005, Political Campaign Strategy: Doing Democracy in the 21st Century, Australian Scholarly Publishing, Melbourne.

Available at: Gold Coast (3)- this book is also written as an eBook.

Isakhan, B & Macmillan, P & Stockwell, S 2011, The Secret History of Democracy, Basingstoke, New York.

Available at: Gold Coast (2).

Here are three books that contain details about Jean Luc Godard’s Alphaville:

Brody, R 2008, Everything is Cinema: the Working Life of Jean-Luc Godard, Metropolitan Books, New York.

Available at: South Bank and Nathan.

Neer, R 2007, ‘Godard Counts’, Critical Inquiry, vol. 34, no. 1, viewed 8 August 2013, via Chicago Journals.

Available online.

Corliss, R 1997, ‘For Ever Godard’, Time (Chicago, Ill.), vol. 150, no. 5, pp. 67, viewed 8 August 2013, via Australia/New Zealand Reference Centre

Available online.

Need a book to help you with researching social media? This may help.

Poynter, R 2010, The Handbook of Online and Social Media Research: Tools and Techniques for Market Researchers, Wiley, New York.

Stephen Stockwell writes about politics and the media, particularly in Australia. What database would you use to find his first academic article about Brisbane in a national journal? What year? Provide a full citation.

Stockwell, S 2007, ‘Alternative Media in Brisbane: 1965-1985’, Queensland Review, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 75-87, viewed 8 August 2013, via Griffith Library.

What is the latest medical thinking about internet addiction? What database did you use? Full citation.

Asiri, S, Binder, J, Fallahi, F, Ghanbari, A, Griffiths, M, Kazemnejad-leili, E & Kuss, D 2012, ‘Internet Addiction and its Predictors in Guilan Medical Sciences Students’, Computers in Human Behaviour, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 959.

Database: Google Scholar 

What are IT engineers thinking about surveillance cameras? Identify a theme you could write an essay about and cite three papers that would be useful.

Perhaps surveillance cameras are not as useful as we think. With the evolution of technology speeding up, perhaps we can use alternative methods to ensure/ enhance our safety. These are some sources that may help in deciding this argument.

Banernee, R, Chakraborty, A, Chattopadhyayr, D & Dasgupta, R 2013, Event Driven Video Surveillance System Using City Cloud A Solution Complient With Sensor Web Enablement Architecture.

Sanchez, J 2013, The False Security of Surveillance Cameras.

Schneider, P, et al. ‘Power Over Ethernet Prioritization System and Method for Surveillance Cameras’, European Patent.

– Jane